Destruxin E Decreases Beta-Amyloid Generation by Reducing Colocalization of Beta-Amyloid-Cleaving Enzyme 1 and Beta-Amyloid Protein Precursor
Neurodegener Dis. 2009;6(5-6):230-9. Epub 2009 Sep 9.
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Alzheimer-disease-associated beta-amyloid (Abeta) is produced by sequential endoproteolysis of beta-amyloid protein precursor (betaAPP): the extracellular portion is shed by cleavage in the juxtamembrane region by beta-amyloid-cleaving enzyme (BACE)/beta-secretase, after which it is cleaved by presenilin (PS)/gamma-secretase near the middle of the transmembrane domain. Thus, inhibition of either of the secretases reduces Abeta generation and is a fundamental strategy for the development of drugs to prevent Alzheimer disease. However, it is not clear how small compounds reduce Abeta production without inhibition of the secretases. Such compounds are expected to avoid some of the side effects of secretase inhibitors. Here, we report that destruxin E (Dx-E), a natural cyclic hexadepsipeptide, reduces Abeta generation without affecting BACE or PS/gamma-secretase activity. In agreement with this, Dx-E did not inhibit Notch signaling. We found that Dx-E decreases colocalization of BACE1 and betaAPP, which reduces beta-cleavage of betaAPP. Therefore, the data demonstrate that Dx-E represents a novel Abeta-reducing process which could have fewer side effects than secretase inhibitors. Copyright © 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.