Truncated presenilin 2 derived from differentially spliced mRNA does not affect the ratio of amyloid beta-peptide 1-42/1-40
Neuroreport 9(14): 3293-9
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Numerous mutations in the presenilin (PS) genes cause early onset familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). Here we characterize the expression of two naturally occurring alternative PS2 transcripts which lack either exons 3 and 4 (PS2 deltaexon3,4) or exons 3, 4, and 8 (PS2 deltaexon3,4,8). These transcripts do not contain the natural initiation codon within exon 3. The transcripts are efficiently translated as N-terminal truncated proteins. These deleted proteins are still able to regulate formation of endogenous PS fragments, indicating that the C-terminal half of the PS2 protein is sufficient for this phenomenon. Although approximately 50% of the PS1 and both PS2 mutations occur within the N-terminal region lacking in the PS2 deltaexon3,4 and PS2 deltaexon3,4,8 proteins, expression of these truncated proteins does not affect pathological generation of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta). This suggests that point mutations causing AD are gain of function mutations.