Recombination between adenovirus type 12 DNA and a hamster preinsertion sequence in a cell-free system. Patch homologies and fractionation of nuclear extracts
J Mol Biol 226(1): 117-26
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We have previously described a cell-free recombination system derived from hamster cell nuclear extracts in which the in vitro recombination between a hamster preinsertion sequence, the cloned 1768 base-pair p7 fragment, and adenovirus type 12 (Ad12) DNA has been demonstrated. The nuclear extracts have now been subfractionated by gel filtration on a Sephacryl S-300 column. The activity promoting cell-free recombination elutes from the Sephacryl S-300 matrix with the shoulder and not the peak fractions of the absorbancy profile. By using these protein subfractions, in vitro recombinants have been generated between the p7 preinsertion sequence and the 60 to 70 map unit fragment of Ad12 DNA, which has previously shown high recombination frequency. In all of the analyzed recombinants thus produced in vitro, striking patchy homologies have been observed between the p7 and Ad12 junction sequences, and between Ad12 DNA or p7 DNA and pBR322 DNA. The patchy homologies are similar to those found earlier during the analyses of some of the junction sequences in integrated Ad12 genomes in Ad12-induced hamster tumor cell lines. Proteins in the shoulder fractions of the gel-filtration experiment can form specific complexes with double-stranded synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotides corresponding to several p7 and Ad12 DNA sequences. These sequences participate in the recombination reactions catalyzed by the same column fractions in the shoulder of the absorbancy profile. Such proteins have not been found in the peak fractions. Further work will be required to ascertain that the cell-free recombination system mimics certain elements of the mechanisms of integrative recombination and to purify the cellular components essential for recombination.